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Perforce 2012.1: Command Reference

p4 add
Open file(s) in a client workspace for addition to the depot.
p4 [g-opts] add [-c changelist#] [-d -f -I -n] [-t type] file...
p4 add opens files within the client workspace for addition to the depot. The specified file(s) are linked to a changelist; the files are not actually added to the depot until the changelist is sent to the server with p4 submit. The added files must either not already exist in the depot, or exist in the depot but be marked as deleted at the head revision.
To open a file with p4 add, the file must exist in your client view, but does not need to exist in your workspace at the time of p4 add. The file must, however, exist in your workspace when you run p4 submit, or the submission will fail. p4 add does not create or overwrite files in your workspace; if a file does not exist, you must create it yourself.
By default, the specified files are opened in the default changelist. To open the files in a specified changelist, use the -c flag. (To move files from the default changelist to a numbered changelist, use the p4 change command.)
By default, p4 add skips over files mentioned in any applicable P4IGNORE files. To override this behavior, use the -I flag to ignore the contents of any P4IGNORE files.
When adding files, Perforce first examines the typemap table (p4 typemap) to see if the system administrator has defined a file type for the file(s) being added. If a match is found, the file's type is set as defined in the typemap table. If a match is not found, Perforce examines the first bytes of the file based on the filesys.binaryscan configurable (by default, 65536 bytes) to determine whether it is text or binary, and the files are stored in the depot accordingly. By default, text file revisions are stored in reverse delta format; newly-added text files larger than the limit imposed by the filetype.maxtextsize configurable (by default, 10 MB) are assigned filetype text+C and stored in full. Files compressed in the .zip format (including .jar files) are also automatically detected and assigned the type ubinary. Other binary revisions are stored in full, with compression.
The -t filetype flag explicitly specifies a file type, overriding both the typemap table and Perforce's default file type detection mechanism.
To add files containing the characters @, #, *, and %, use the -f flag. This flag forces literal interpretation of characters otherwise used by Perforce as wildcards.
If you open a file for edit or move/add, and another subsequently deletes the file you opened, the operation will fail with an error when you submit the changelist. To ensure that you create the desired target file, specify the -d flag ("downgrade"). More specifically:
You open a file for edit, then another user submits a changelist that deletes or moves the file. When you submit your edits, the Perforce Server returns an error and the file remains open for edit. To restore the file (including any changes you have made) to the depot location from which you checked it out, open the file for add and specify the -d flag, then submit the file.
You open a file for move/add and another user submits a changelist that deletes the source file. When you submit the move, the Perforce Server returns an error and the file remains open for add/move. To create the desired target file, issue the p4 add -d command, specifying the target file, and submit the file.
-c changelist
Opens the files for add within the specified changelist. If this flag is not used, the files are linked to the default changelist.
Use the -f flag to force inclusion of wildcards in filenames. See the File Specifications chapter for details.
Adds the file as the specified filetype, overriding any settings in the typemap table.
Please see the File Types chapter for a list of Perforce file types.
Usage Notes
Can File Arguments Use
Revision Specifier?
Wildcards in file specifications provided to p4 add are expanded by the local operating system, not by the Perforce server. For instance, the ... wildcard cannot be used with p4 add.
In Perforce, there is no difference between adding files to an empty depot and adding files to a depot that already contains other files. You can populate new, empty depots by adding files from a client workspace with p4 add.
Do not use ASCII expansions of special characters with p4 add -f. To add the file [email protected], use
p4 add -f [email protected]
If you manually expand the @ sign and attempt to add the file status%40june.txt, Perforce interprets the % sign literally, expands it to the hex code %25, resulting in the filename status%2540june.txt.
Opens all the files within the user's current directory for add, and links these files to changelist 13.
Opens all *.c files in the user's ~/src directory for add; also opens the README file in the user's current working directory for add. These files are linked to the default changelist.
To refer to this file in views, or with other Perforce commands, you must subsequently use the hex expansion %2A in place of the asterisk.
Related Commands
p4 reopen -t filetype

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Perforce 2012.1: Command Reference
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