p4 init


Initializes a new Perforce server.


p4 [-u user] [-d dir] [-c client] init [-h -q] [-c stream] [-Cx] [-xi -n]


Initialize a new personal (local) Perforce server.

In order to run p4 init, you must have up-to-date and matching versions of the p4 and p4d executables in your operating system path. You can download these executables from www.perforce.com.

Perforce stores its database files in the directory named .p4root. Perforce stores configuration settings in the P4CONFIG and P4IGNORE files at the top level of your directory. It is not necessary to view or update these files, but you should be aware that they exist.

After initializing your new server, run p4 reconcile to mark all of your source files to be added to Perforce, then p4 submit to submit them.


-c stream

Specifies the stream to use as the mainline stream instead of the default //stream/main.


Sets the case sensitivity of the installation. If x is set to 0, your installation is case-sensitive, if set to 1 your installation is case-insensitive. Your client must match the case sensitivity of the server you're fetching from or pushing to.

-d directory

Specifies the directory in which Perforce initializes the server. Without this option, Perforce initializes the server in the current directory.


Display help for this command, as it operates on the client.


Configures the installation without unicode support. This is useful because the unicode capability of the local server must match that of the server you fetch from and push to.


Suppresses informational messages.

-u username

Specifies your Perforce user name.


Configures the installation with unicode support.


See “Global Options”.

Without -xi or -n, unicode support is detected by finding a P4CHARSET setting.

Usage Notes

Can File Arguments Use Revision Specifier?

Can File Arguments Use Revision Range?

Minimal Access Level Required





p4 init

Initializes a new Perforce personal server.

Related Commands

Clone a new server

p4 clone