Automotive Industry Trends 2022: What Software Developers Need to Know
The automotive industry has been undergoing significant changes as it works to adapt to growing market demands and challenges associated with electric, autonomous, and hybrid vehicles.
Here, we take a look at some notable trends that were highlighted in our report, 2022 State of Automotive Software Development.
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- An Increase In Electric Vehicles
- A Greater Emphasis on Software Security
- Standards Compliance Remains Essential
Emerging Trends in Automotive Software
It used to be that all you had to do was look under the hood to have a working understanding of how a car worked. However, it’s no longer that simple. Modern vehicles feature a great deal of software to enhance user experience as well as provide drivers with safety and convenience features. All this software must be designed with both safety and security in mind.
An Increase in Electric Vehicles
In 2020, global electric vehicle sales grew by 41%, according to IHS Markit. So, it may not come as a surprise that nearly 50% of the automotive professionals we surveyed said that electric vehicles were extensively driving their design efforts, while 42% shared that it had somewhat of an impact.
While the focus may be shifting more toward electric vehicles, the leading concern among automotive professionals is still the safety of their vehicles. As there are currently no functional safety standards specifically for electric vehicles, the same standards that are essential for traditional vehicles are equally important — chief among them, ISO 26262.
With the increased number of electronic components, ISO 26262 is crucial for electronic vehicles as it applies to all of the electric and/or electronic systems in vehicles.
Key Takeaways From the 2022 State of Automotive Software Development Report
We surveyed nearly 600 automotive professionals from across the globe to better understand what challenges they were encountering and how they kept pace with shifting industry and customer demands. In the survey, we asked about what best practices and tools were being used to handle these major changes.
The full results of those responses are available in the 2022 State of Automotive Software Development Survey Report.
A Greater Emphasis on Automotive Software Security
From 2018 to 2021, the frequency of cyberattacks on vehicles increased by 225 percent, according to a recent report from the cybersecurity and data management platform, Upstream. With the escalation of automotive software security risks, the leading security concern for the automotive professionals we surveyed was the difficulties of enforcing secure coding practices.
However, those concerns may be encouraging development teams to adopt more robust security practices. In fact, nearly 80% of those we surveyed either already have or are in the process of implementing a shift-left strategy, which refers to their approach to performing tests earlier in the SDLC. By testing earlier, software security vulnerabilities, errors, and bugs can be more easily identified and remedied.
In addition, an overwhelming number of automotive professionals said that they will be required to comply with ISO/SAE 21434, an automotive standard that focuses on the cybersecurity risks in vehicle electronic systems. While the security standard is mostly a customer requirement rather than mandated by the market, it is nevertheless essential for automotive development because the current safety-critical standards are not sufficient in covering cybersecurity risks.
Standards Compliance Remains Essential
An essential part of the automotive software development process is ensuring that the software is compliant with key industry standards and guidelines. As previously mentioned, the automotive functional safety standard ISO 26262 is essential for all automotive software development, and 80 percent of those we surveyed are required to comply with it.
In addition, according to those that we surveyed, the leading challenge in proving compliance was the difficulties in fulfilling every safety requirement and providing the necessary evidence that all the compliance requirements had been met.
When coupled with the related challenge of verifying and validating software, which was identified as being the most time-consuming task by our respondents, enforcing the necessary standards can be a daunting task.
One of the most efficient methods to enforce and verify compliance with functional standards is to use a static analysis tool.
Learn More About Emerging 2022 Automotive Software Development Trends
As more hardware components are replaced with software, it is essential that automotive software is not only safe but secure as well. By reviewing industry research, you are able to not only keep pace with the challenges of this year but also for the years to come.
Download your free copy of the 2022 State of Automotive Software Development Report, which contains over 50 pages of analysis, infographics, and information on leading challenges, best practices, and emerging trends.