What Is CVE? Common Vulnerabilities and Exposures List Overview
Unfortunately, the list of software security vulnerabilities is continuously growing. That is why it is important for you to be familiar with the most up-to-date list. The most trusted and complete list is the Common Vulnerability Exposures list.
Here, we explain what is the Common Vulnerabilities and Exposures (CVE) list and how it can help ensure that your software is secure.
What Is CVE?
Common Vulnerabilities and Exposures (CVE) is a list of publicly known cybersecurity vulnerabilities and exposures. Each item on the list is based upon a finding of a specific vulnerability or exposure found in a specific software product, rather than a general class or kind of vulnerability or exposure.
CVE has been designed to make it easier to link information from vulnerability databases, and allow comparison of security tools and services. The list is made up of a collection of CVE Identifiers assigned to each vulnerability and exposure.
What Is a CVE Identifier?
CVE Identifiers are unique identifiers for assigned to publicly known cybersecurity vulnerabilities. The Identifiers are used as a standard method for identifying vulnerabilities and for cross-linking with other repositories.
Each Identifier includes the following:
- An Identifier number
- Indication of “entry” or “candidate” status
- Brief description of the security vulnerability or exposure
- Any pertinent references
What’s Included on the CVE List?
The CVE list catalogs several types of software vulnerabilities, including:
- Denial of Service (DoS)
- Code Execution
- Buffer Overflow
- Memory Corruption
- SQL Injection
- Cross-Site Scripting (XSS)
- Directory Traversal
- HTTP Response Splitting
It’s important to be able to identify each and every vulnerability that may be present in your code, and static analyzers — like Klocwork — are the most effective tools to identify and fix software security vulnerabilities.
[Related White Paper: Top 10 Embedded Software Cybersecurity Vulnerabilities]
How to Fix CVEs
To fix common vulnerabilities and exposures, follow these steps:
- Establish software design requirements, which includes defining and enforcing secure coding principles. This helps to inform how to effectively write, test, inspect, analyze, and demonstrate your code.
- Use a coding standard — such as OWASP, CWE, and CERT — to help prevent, detect, and eliminate vulnerabilities.
- Implement security checks into your CI/CD pipeline to identify software security vulnerabilities early. In addition, this helps to enforce good coding practices.
- Test your code as early and often as possible to ensure that vulnerabilities are found and eliminated.
How to Address Common Vulnerabilities and Exposures With SAST
The best way to develop secure and safe software is to use an automated testing tool — like SAST.
SAST tools identify and eliminate security vulnerabilities and software defects early on in development. This helps to ensure that your software is secure, reliable, and compliant.
By using SAST tools, you are able to
- Identify and analyze security risks and prioritizes severity.
- Fulfill compliance standard requirements.
- Apply and enforce coding standards, including CWE, CERT, OWASP, and DISA STIG.
- Verify and validate through testing.
- Achieve compliance and get certified faster.
Klocwork SAST for C, C++, C#, and Java. It helps you apply a coding standard and eliminate software defects and vulnerabilities early on in development, which helps to ensure you’re your software is secure and reliable.
Use Klocwork to Ensure Software Security
See for yourself how Klocwork can help you enforce software security standards. Sign up for our next live demo and see how it works.