December 14, 2015
8 Tips for Effective Branch Management
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Branching is what makes version management so important to developers. It allows teams to work in parallel, to experiment and to ensure the right features are released at the right time. Good branch management is key to effective development. Bad branching will cause risk and rework. Here are eight tips to help you develop a coherent, effective branching strategy.
- Keep Things Simple: Ideally everyone would use a single main branch (or trunk) with no branches, but that’s not often possible. Keep your branching model simple with branches lasting only as long as necessary.
- Have Well-Defined Policies: Each branch should have a single policy for who can make changes, when CI builds happen, what tests to run, etc.
- Give Branches an Owner: Appoint a single owner for each branch to resolve any ambiguities in the policy.
- Don’t Retain Development or Task Branches: Creating branches for a team or task/feature helps many teams, but keep these short-lived and remove them at the earliest opportunity. Having too many “dormant” branches adds complexity and increases the risk of using the wrong branch.
- Use Branch for Release/Milestones: In the real world, releases have to be made while development continues. Create branches to separate a release while final testing is running or if you have multiple releases in production.
- Make Streams a Key Workflow: Streams implement a simple workflow to control the behavior of development (usually unstable) and release (stable, restricted change) branches. They are also good for visualizing where a change needs to flow from developer to release and for componentizing larger projects.
- Protect Your Mainline: A common pattern for Continuous Delivery is to have a single mainline and to ensure that mainline is always buildable and potentially releasable. That means all commits have to be high quality. Use code reviews and pre-commit CI build and test.
- Merge Down/Copy Up: Streams encourage the simple “merge down” (merge hot fixes from release into refactored development stream) and “copy up” (take the entire release from dev to release) after verification.
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