This guide will help you understand the basics of software testing. Scroll through or click a topic to skip ahead:
- Introduction to Software Testing
- Different Types of Software Testing
- Steps in Software Testing
- Software Testing Methods
- Continuous Testing
- Software Testing Tools
Introduction to Software Testing
Software testing is important. It improves product quality and increases customer satisfaction.
But there are different types of software testing to meet the many different needs of testing teams.
The best way to succeed at software testing is to build your knowledge.
Understand the seven principles of software testing. And learn how to manage the software testing lifecycle.
Different Types of Software Testing
There are hundreds of different types of software tests. And each test is important for a different reason.
Some tests find things that are broken. Some tests confirm requirements are fulfilled. And some tests make sure you’re producing the right product for your users.
So, there are several types of tests you can use to make sure you’re producing a high-quality product. And most types of testing can be sorted into two key areas — functional and nonfunctional testing.
Functional testing verifies what the software does. This is important to ensuring you deliver the features you promise (without errors).
There are many different types of functional tests, including:
- Unit tests
- Interface tests
- Smoke tests
Nonfunctional testing verifies how the software works. This is important to ensuring you deliver a product that works well for its users.
There are many different types of non-functional tests, including:
- Performance testing
- Stress testing
- Security testing
Steps in Software Testing
There are typically seven steps in software testing. How you handle these steps may vary.
- Set requirements.
- Plan your tests.
- Create your test cases.
- Set up the test environment.
- Run your test.
- Fix any issues from failed tests.
- Repeat testing until all tests have passed.
One of the most important steps in software testing is creating your test cases. This sets the stage for your testing efforts. It ensures that you test the right things. And it helps you fulfill requirements.
Software Testing Methods
How you test software is just as important as what you test. And you have several different software testing methods to choose from.
There’s black box testing. And white box testing. Scripted testing. And exploratory testing. Manual testing. And automated testing. Waterfall testing. And Agile testing.
Using the right software testing method(s) helps you get through the testing process faster. And it typically frees up time to test more things than you could before.
You test early. You test often. But have you reached continuous testing yet?
What to Look for in Software Testing Tools
There are many components and activities to software testing. That’s why you need the right software testing tools at your disposal.
Adding a complete test management tool — such as Helix ALM — will help you get better visibility and traceability across your testing efforts.
Try Helix ALM for Better Testing
See for yourself why Helix ALM is the best tool for managing your tests from beginning to end.